Unlike most other Ramayana manuscripts, they have not been dispersed as individual paintings into various collections but remain largely intact. Self-supporting disabled people Although the informal and semi-formal responses indicated above might now be viewed as largely in the charitable, top-down, dependency-enhancing mode, South Asian social histories have also transmitted a heritage of role-models for independent living, even if these might sometimes tend to go overboard on the other side. Crowds of disabled beggars were fed daily by Manimekhalai, the rebellious and pretty young social worker with a high media profile. See e. The bedrock of 'beggar survival' in both rural and urban areas for two and a half millennia seems to have been food charity from householders. Both the apparent familiarity and the apparent differences are pitfalls around which to tread cautiously.
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The variants point to the richness of a narrative which has been appropriated by a vast number of people in diverse ways. By Lala Baij Nath. My intention is not to suggest that their historicity must be established if their historical context is to be known: this would be uncalled for. Erndl compares five versions of the mutilation of Surpanakha, in Valmiki, Kampan, the Sanskrit Ahdyatma Ramayana , Tulsidas' Old Hindi Ramcaritmanas , and a midth century version in modern Hindi verse. Send as free online greeting card. Krishna 3. Goddess
Questioning Ramayanas A South Asian Tradition|Paula Richman2
They are scattered and disconnected, but that is perhaps the only way to give a feel for such a manifold tradition. They speak to one another with shocking verbal abandon. If even today the "authentic" version is not that which is telecast but that which is sung, recited or performed by groups of people in different parts of the country, such rendering would have been even more characteristic of the past. The Ramnamis of Chhattisgarh are a sect of untouchables, started in the s, devoted to chanting Rama's name and key couplets from Tulsidas's Manas. Their increased awareness of the contents of the Manas subsequently opened the door for the inclusion in their chanting sessions of verses from other texts and alternate tellings of the Ram story.
Questioning Ramayanas : A South Asian Tradition by Paula Richman (2001, Trade Paperback)
Description: Many Ramayanas is a collection of papers exploring the diversity of the Ramayana tradition and some of the ways it permeates Indian culture and religion. Kathleen M. In contemporary India, the kathd of Rama, quite apart from its enduring symbolism in the Vaishnava and in some bhakti traditions, has taken on a political role. Send as free online greeting card. Vedanta